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What is Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD) or Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ)

When you are ever experiencing pain which is near your ear or on the muscles on the side of your face or perhaps your jaw and is accompanied by a popping or clicking sound or restricts that movement of your jaw, you may probably have Temporomandibular Disorders or TMD. Sometimes, there are people who use the term TMJ incorrectly for such problems, because TMJ means as Temporomandibular joint. Though you really have a TMJ, you may not have TMD.

TMD are different conditions characterized by both dysfunction and pain of the TMJ or muscles which are surrounding it. It can be a challenge to know what’s the cause of the symptoms, but most of the TMD could resolve themselves through the conservative remedies which doctors recommend. It is essential that you will do some research on the remedies first before you do anything that’s irreversible such as going through surgery.

Two of the TMJs which connects your lower jaw, which are the mandible to the temporal bone of your skull are complex joints which will allow movement in three dimensions. Your temporal bone and your lower jaw works together as a ball and a socket which also have a cushioning disk that’s in between. Large pairs of muscles in your cheeks and in your temples are the ones that will move your lower jaw. Either the muscle, disk or joint could become as the source of TMJ problems. If in case you are experiencing pain or you have difficulties to opening or closing your jaw, the doctor will then conduct examinations so they are able to determine what’s the main point of the problem and for them to be able to suggest the right remedies.

TMJ problems may also result due to other reasons like sore muscles, inflammation, disk problems and strained tendons. Another addition is that TMD can be passed on through genes, age and gender as well. Another reason would be due to psychological and physical stress. Also, jaw pain could be because of pain-inducing and widespread medical conditions.

Once that the doctor finishes its examination, they are then able to come up on what strategy they should use to treat the condition and to help manage the pain. There are cases sometimes to where a temporary change on your diet will help in reducing stress on the muscles and joints.

There are severe TMJ cases which needs a more complex treatment that includes dental restorations, orthodontics or perhaps minor procedures inside your joint like flushing of your joint or cortisone injections. The chances of going under major surgeries are rare, which is why it’s best to consider reversible treatments and give this enough time in order to work because it’s not always effective.

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