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Criminal laws are also called penal laws. Criminal law is the body of statutory and common law dealing with crime and the legal punishment of legal offenses. Punishment, deterrence, incapacitation, and rehabilitation are the four theories of criminal justice system. Justice and peaceable social order is attained after all the imposition of sanctions about the crime. The goal of criminal law is to build social control. It’s purpose is to stop behavior that is damaging to the wellbeing of the society as well as behavior that tries the state authority and legitimacy. The penal law and punishments are created in a manner that they work as limits and assist in restraining behavior of the people.

The criminal charges are filed, and the criminal proceedings take place in a series of stages. It is the police who respond and take action to any citizen’s complaint lodged. The police may additionally be suspicious, and if it happens, they check out, records statements from different crucial witnesses and from the findings they make a report. During investigation process, they could be forced to arrest some people. For evaluation, they submit a report after completion to the prosecutor’s office. It is the prosecutor who will be authorized whether or not criminal charges will be filed against any suspect mentioned in the police report. Among jurisdictions, the procedures for filling cases may vary.

The police are given greater discretionary powers by some jurisdiction in charging defendants with specific offenses. In regard to the prosecutor, other jurisdictions are there to provide them with higher powers. The person concerned or the defendant may be arrested for a civil infraction, for a misdemeanor, or even for a felony after being stopped by the police. It might the police arresting someone while also recommending a certain charge even though criminal charges are normally selected solely by means of the prosecutor’s office.

The process of criminal justice begins with an alleged crime. The police examine after the accusation that the accuser makes. The police in this criminal law cases should work as representatives of the government. A formal charging report is filed in a court in the right jurisdiction, or even a grand jury reports a complaint or an allegation. A prosecuting attorney represents the interests of the state. Defense lawyer or defendant act also a lawyer to represent his interests. Irrespective of local laws that might be followed by mandatory or discretionary appeals to higher courts, the procedure ends with a bench trial. The criminal attorney ensures that you understand your rights with the police, your rights in the courtroom and your rights upon sentence.

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